As the capital city of Thailand, Bangkok is a hub of cultural diversity, history, and tradition. One of the best places to explore the rich heritage of Thailand is the Bangkok National Museum, which is located in the heart of the city. In this article, we will take a closer look at this iconic museum and all that it has to offer.

History of the Bangkok National Museum

The Bangkok National Museum was established in 1874 by King Rama V, who was keen to preserve and showcase Thailand’s cultural heritage. Originally, the museum was located within the Grand Palace complex, but it was later moved to its current location in 1926. Over the years, the museum has undergone several renovations and expansions to accommodate its growing collection.

Location and Accessibility

The Bangkok National Museum is located on Na Phra That Road, close to the Grand Palace and Wat Phra Kaew. It is easily accessible by public transportation, including buses, taxis, and tuk-tuks. The museum is open every day except for Mondays and Tuesdays, from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm.

Architecture and Design

The architecture and design of the Bangkok National Museum are a testament to Thailand’s rich cultural heritage. The main building was originally constructed in 1782 as the palace of Prince Wang Na, and it was later renovated and expanded to become the museum. The building features a combination of Thai and European styles, with intricate carvings, paintings, and sculptures adorning its walls and ceilings.

Permanent Exhibitions

The Bangkok National Museum houses a vast collection of artifacts and exhibits that showcase Thailand’s history, art, and culture. The permanent exhibitions are divided into four main galleries: the Thai History Gallery, the Archaeological and Art History Collections, the Decorative Arts and Ethnological Collection, and the Weapons and Warfare Gallery. Each gallery provides a unique insight into Thailand’s past and present, with displays ranging from ancient artifacts to contemporary art.

Bangkok National Museum inside
Bangkok National Museum inside

Highlights of the Collection

Some of the most notable items in the Bangkok National Museum’s collection include the Sacred Emerald Buddha, which is housed in the Thai History Gallery, and the Ban Chiang Pottery, which dates back to 4000 BC and is part of the Archaeological and Art History Collections. Other highlights include the royal regalia, traditional costumes, musical instruments, and religious artifacts.

Temporary Exhibitions

In addition to its permanent exhibitions, the Bangkok National Museum also hosts a variety of temporary exhibitions throughout the year. These exhibitions showcase different aspects of Thai culture and history, and they provide visitors with an opportunity to experience something new and unique.

Educational Programs and Guided Tours

The Bangkok National Museum offers a range of educational programs and guided tours for visitors of all ages. These programs include lectures, workshops, and hands-on activities that provide a deeper understanding of Thailand’s cultural heritage. The museum also offers guided tours in English, Thai, and other languages, which are led by knowledgeable and experienced guides.

Practical Information for Visitors

When planning a visit to the Bangkok National Museum, there are a few things to keep in mind. The museum is

open from Wednesday to Sunday, from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm, and it is closed on Mondays and Tuesdays. Admission fees are 200 baht for foreigners and 40 baht for Thai citizens. Audio guides are available for an additional fee, and visitors are required to wear appropriate attire when visiting the museum.

Museum Shop and Restaurant

The Bangkok National Museum also has a museum shop and restaurant, which offer visitors a range of souvenirs, books, and gifts to take home. The museum shop has a selection of handicrafts, jewelry, and other items that are made by local artisans. The museum restaurant, which is located in a beautiful courtyard, offers traditional Thai cuisine and refreshments.


Visiting the Bangkok National Museum is a must-do experience for anyone who wants to discover the rich history and cultural heritage of Thailand. With its vast collection of artifacts and exhibits, educational programs, and beautiful architecture, the museum provides a unique insight into the country’s past and present.

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  1. What is the best time to visit the Bangkok National Museum? A: The museum is less crowded in the morning, so it is best to visit early in the day.
  2. How long does it take to tour the museum? A: It usually takes about 2-3 hours to explore the entire museum, depending on your interests.
  3. Is photography allowed in the museum? A: Photography is allowed in some areas of the museum, but flash photography and tripods are not allowed.
  4. Are there guided tours available in other languages besides Thai and English? A: Yes, the museum offers guided tours in several languages, including Japanese, Chinese, and French.
  5. Can I bring food and drinks into the museum? A: Food and drinks are not allowed inside the museum, but there is a restaurant on site where you can purchase refreshments.

Price and opening days

DayPrice RangeOpenClose
Wednesday200 THB09:0016:00
Thursday200 THB09:0016:00
Friday200 THB09:0016:00
Saturday200 THB09:0016:00
Sunday200 THB09:0016:00
4 Na Phrathat Road Phra Nakhon, Bangkok
Phone: +66 2224 1370

Bangkok National Museum Map

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